Windhoek - In a booklet he compiled on young offenders and policing school violence, which was released to the media recently, a member of the Namibian police, Matongo Lunyandile, looks at the causes and effects of school violence. He says there are two major reasons for school violence: (a) the inability of a school to provide safe, orderly environments, whilst communities around these school suffer from serious levels of crime and disorder; and (b) the level of crime and violence is dependent on the community context, because the learner population are members of the community. Lunyandile notes that researchers have suggested that more than a lack of academic skills contributes to deviance in delinquents. The results that can be summarised as follows:
- Delinquents tend to reject the learner role more often than non-delinquents. Learners that violate school standards (discipline) pertaining to things, such as smoking during school hours, breaking dress code, classroom demeanour (manner), tardiness, relations with peers and challenging teacher authority are more likely to become delinquent;
- Delinquents tend to be more lazy, careless, irresponsible and inattentive than non-delinquents;
- School performance and delinquency is mediated by peer influence. Delinquents’ performance may also further be affected by their relationship with teachers and peers (classmates).
- The absence of warm, supportive relations between learners and teachers correlates with a lack of academic achievement. When teachers lack genuine interest in learners, those schools tend to be associated with higher levels of violence and vandalism.
2016-10-26 12:01:20 1 years ago