• September 23rd, 2020

Protecting animals from disease threats



Disease can have various causes. Some of these causes are germs such as bacteria, viruses and fungi. The following is a list of situations that could result in sheep/goats becoming sick. 

Dirty surroundings 
Keeping sheep/goats in a dirty kraal could result in them eating food or drinking water contaminated with droppings. These droppings may contain micro-organisms (germs) that could make the animals sick. Try to clean out kraals where possible. Remove manure regularly. 

Poor condition 
If your sheep/goats are in poor condition or if you are not feeding them well they can become sick easily.
Supplement sheep/goats’ rations with extra feed during winter and remember that pregnant ewes/does need more food to produce healthy lambs/kids.

Stress 
Stress plays an important role in causing disease. Animals tend to get sick if they are very stressed. Overcrowding, underfeeding, transportation and management procedures such as tail docking, castration, ear-tagging and shearing cause stress.
Try to reduce stress by treating the animals in a relaxed manner. Avoid overcrowding. Make sure they have adequate food. If you are transporting them, make sure they have enough water, that they do not become too hot/too cold, and also do not load too many sheep/goats on one truck. 

Not vaccinating animals 
Vaccinating sheep/goats against diseases that occur frequently in your area can help to prevent certain diseases. It is usually more economical to vaccinate your animals than to treat or put down sick animals.
If ewes/does are not vaccinated before giving birth they will not be able to pass on protection to their young via their milk. This could result in some lambs/kids becoming very sick a few days or weeks after being born. It is also very important to vaccinate ewes/does against tetanus because then the lambs/kids will also be protected against this disease. Obtain veterinary help to decide what vaccines to use and when to use them.

Ear-tagging, tail docking and castration  
These practices are used by most small-stock farmers in the management scheme for their lambs/kids. Care must be taken during these operations to prevent lambs/kids from becoming sick. They may even get tetanus which is a serious disease in lambs/kids and could result in death.
Therefore, keep the wound areas clean and check them regularly. Use a wound/antiseptic powder if necessary. Vaccinate ewes and does against tetanus. Always boil your instruments, such as knives, for at least 15 minutes before you use them on your animals. Boil the instruments again if they become dirty while you are using them and before you continue to use them. 

Worms 
When sheep have a high number of worms they are usually not productive and tend to lose weight. 
This can also put them at risk of getting diseases.
If you notice signs of worm infestation such as weight loss, diarrhoea or paleness of the eyes and gums then you should deworm your animals. 
Make sure you use the correct remedy. If you see no improvement after deworming, consult your local animal health technician or veterinarian. 

Ticks and mites 
Ticks and mites can cause many problems in the case of sheep/goats. Ticks can spread diseases such as heartwater. Certain ticks can cause paralysis and they also damage the wool and skin. Mites cause mange. This disease leads to high production losses for farmers through loss of wool and damage to skins.
Treat your sheep/goats for ticks and mites. Try to follow a programme for strategic dipping.
Toxic plants 
Some plants are toxic (poisonous) to sheep/goats. These plants can cause many different signs such as diarrhoea, losing the skin on the face (photosensitivity), liver problems and even heart and lung problems. Sheep/goats will usually eat these plants when there is nothing else to eat.  Make sure that your sheep/goats have enough food. Some types of toxic plants can be removed. 
Ask your veterinarian or animal health technician for advice on which plants in your area are toxic.
- Information obtained from various agriculture publications


 


Staff Reporter
2020-08-04 12:17:35 | 1 months ago

2 Comments

  1. User
    jane jackson

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  2. User
    jane jackson

    Hey, Some months ago I had sex with the third guy in my life whom i was about to marry and now I have herpes. I couldn’t believe it because he wasn’t a random guy, he’s the closet guy I’ve had as a boyfriend, but it has been a never nightmare since. I’ve always believed in GOD and have asked him for forgiveness which is ironic. I felt like killing myself with the taught of having a husband and family will be quite difficult and i felt like I’m not really in the room when people are talking. I didn’t know what to do and pretty much cry and pray every day to God for help and looking at my family with so much love and feeling that i have disappointed them even though they don’t know. Until God lead me to Dr Alabi online who promised to help me cure my disease through herbs. At first i didn't believe him, but to my greatest surprise i was cured completely by herbals, which medical doctor also verified that i was cured. Special thanks to Dr Alabi, Don't be discourage because he that did it for me will also do it for you and you can contact him through via email @ naturalstdscure@gmail.com or Whatsapp +2348036536685 I promise to share the experience with others the moment it work out for me! you meet not need it but help some one with similar issue God you all....

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